Perhitungan Neptu Hari di Indonesia

Sebagaimana kita ketahui, bahwa dalam peradaban di Indonesia banyak kita jumpai aturan-aturan yang bersifat mengikat. Hal ini karena aturan-aturan tersebut merupakan wawasan dari nenek moyang kita yang sudah turun temurun diyakini dan disosialisasikan dalam kehidupan bermasyarakat khususnya dilingkungan masyarakat suku Jawa. Wawasan nenek moyang tersebut dalam kehidupan bermasyarakat disebut dalam istilah ” ILMU TITEN”. Mengapa disebut demikian ? Hal ini karena aturan-aturan tersebut berdasarkan pengalaman dan pengamatan terhadap hal-hal yang terjadi pada perubahan alam yang dikaitkan dengan kejadian yang berlaku dalam kehidupan mereka saat itu.

Salah satunya adalah perhitungan hari dalam menentukan perjodohan, membangun rumah atau neptu/ weton dari kelahiran seseorang. Saya mengajak para generasi muda, khususnya generasi-generasi suku jawa untuk mengingat kembali sekaligus melestarikan budaya Jawa agar pengetahuan terhadap budaya tersebut tidak hilang begitu saja terlindas oleh kemajuan teknologi yang berkembang dengan pesat saat ini. Jangan sampai kita sebagai generasi muda dikatakan tidak pecus atau apatis untuk tidak dapat melestarikan budaya kita sendiri, terlebih kita hidup di pulau Jawa.

Pada kesempatan ini saya mencoba mengulas kembali bagaimana orang tua kita menghitung Neptu/ Weton hari lahir sebagai acuan untuk menentukan baik buruknya suatu rencana yang akan kita laksanakan. Sebagaimana kita ketahui, bahwa hari lahir ( weton ) adalah merupakan awal dari manusia dalam kehidupannya di dunia ini, sangat diperlukan sekali bagi kita untuk mengetahui “Hari Lahir (Weton) ” kita masing-masing. Sebagian besar suku Jawa menyakini bahwa merahasiakan hari lahir ( weton ) itu sangat penting, karena dengan diketahuinya hari lahir/ weton seseorang akan mudah bagi orang lain untuk berbuat hal-hal yang bersifat negatif, salah satunya santet atau teluh. Terlepas dari itu semua, tergantung pada keyakinan kita masing-masing.

Untuk menghitung Neptu hari lahir ( weton ) berikut Pasarannya ada pedoman/ patokan angka yang digunakan oleh masyarakat orang jawa, berikut table hari, pasaran dan neptu seperti dibawah ini :

Dari pedoman/ patokan neptu hari dan pasaran di atas, dapat disusun suatu matrik/ tabel yang mana kita dapat mengetahui jumlah neptu hari lahir kita. Tabel perhitungan hari dan pasaran sebagai berikut :

Cara penggunaan tabel adalah sebagai berikut : Misalnya kita lahir pada hari Minggu Kliwon, untuk mengethui berapa jumlah neptu kita maka kita lihat pada hari Minggu yang neptunya 5, kemudian kita tari ke arah pasaran Kliwon yang neptunya 8. Langkah berikutnya kita jumlahkan kedua neptunya sebagi berikut : 5 + 8 = 13, jadi jumlah neptu untuk Minggu Kliwon adalah 13.

Bagi rekan-rekan yang tidak mengetahui hari lahirnya dapat dicari dengan menggunakan tabel berikut :


Penggunaan kedua tabel diatas adalah sebagai berikut :

 

  • Misal hari kemerdekaan bangsa Indonesia jatuh pada tanggaal 17 Agustus 1945. Tanggal tersebut jatuh pada hari apa ? Cara mencarinya adalah kita cari angka 45 pada tabel tahun, kita tarik gurus lurus ke kanan sampai bulan Agustus dan kita dapatkan angka 3.
  • Kemudian angka 3 dijumlahkan dengan angka 17 (tanggal) hasilnya adalah 20.
  • Kita cari angka 20 di tabel “Pencarian hari berdasarkan angka “, kita dapatkan angka 20 terletak pada baris “Jum’at”.
  • Dari perhitungan tersebut diatas menunjukkan bahwa tanggal 17 Agustus 1945 jatuh pada hari JUM’AT.

Tentunya kita ingin mengetahui Neptu atau pasaran dari tanggal 17 Agustus 1945 jatuh pada hari Jum’at dengan Neptu apa? Berikut tabel untuk mengetahui Neptu/ Pasaran :


Cara mengetahui Neptu/ Pasaran suatu Tanggal kelahiran dengan menggunakan tabel di atas adalah sebagai berikut :

  • Kita gunakan Contoh diatas yaitu tanggal 17 Agustus 1945 yang mana kita sudah mengetahui bahwa tanggal tersebut jatuh pada hari Jum’at. Disini kita tinggal mencari Neptu/ pasaran dari tanggal tersebut.
  • Kita cari angka 45 pada tabel “Tahun” kemudian kita tarik garis lurus ke kanan sampai pada bulan Agustus yang didapatkan angka “1″.
  • Kemudian kita jumlahkan angka “1″ dengan 17 (tanggal ) hasilnya adalah “18″.

 

  • Kemudian kita cari angka “18″ pada tabel “Pasaran berdasarkan angka” yang mana kita dapatkan angka tersebut terletak pada baris “LEGI”.
  • Dari hasil diatas menunjukkan bahwa tanggal 17 Agustus 1945 jatuh pada hari “JUM’AT LEGI” dengan jumlah neptunya adalah “11″ ( perhitungan Neptu lihat pada Tabel perhitungan Hari dan Pasaran ” )

Demikian cara-cara mengetahui perhitungan hari lahir yang merupakan moment penting bagi kita. Semoga bermanfaat khususnya bagi generasi muda sebagai wujud peduli kita untuk melestarikan budaya yang ada.


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